Journal Highlight: Standardization of sample homogenization for mosquito identification using an innovative proteomic tool based on protein profiling

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  • Published: Jan 1, 2017
  • Author: separationsNOW
  • Channels: Proteomics & Genomics
thumbnail image: Journal Highlight: Standardization of sample homogenization for mosquito identification using an innovative proteomic tool based on protein profiling

Manual grinding of Anopheles gambiae Giles and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes at the adult and larval developmental stages was compared to automated homogenization for protein profiling by MALDI-TOF MS.

Standardization of sample homogenization for mosquito identification using an innovative proteomic tool based on protein profiling

Proteomics, 2016, 16, 3148-3160
Amira Nebbak, Alexandra C. Willcox, Idir Bitam, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola and Lionel Almeras

Abstract: The rapid spread of vector-borne diseases demands the development of an innovative strategy for arthropod monitoring. The emergence of MALDI-TOF MS as a rapid, low-cost, and accurate tool for arthropod identification is revolutionizing medical entomology. However, as MS spectra from an arthropod can vary according to the body part selected, the sample homogenization method used and the mode and duration of sample storage, standardization of protocols is indispensable prior to the creation and sharing of an MS reference spectra database. In the present study, manual grinding of Anopheles gambiae Giles and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes at the adult and larval (L3) developmental stages was compared to automated homogenization. Settings for each homogenizer were optimized, and glass powder was found to be the best sample disruptor based on its ability to create reproducible and intense MS spectra. In addition, the suitability of common arthropod storage conditions for further MALDI-TOF MS analysis was kinetically evaluated. The conditions that best preserved samples for accurate species identification by MALDI-TOF MS were freezing at –20°C or in liquid nitrogen for up to 6 months. The optimized conditions were objectified based on the reproducibility and stability of species-specific MS profiles. The automation and standardization of mosquito sample preparation methods for MALDI-TOF MS analyses will popularize the use of this innovative tool for the rapid identification of arthropods with medical interest.

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