Differentiating the histologic grades of gliomas preoperatively using amide proton transfer‐weighted (APTW) and intravoxel incoherent motion MRI

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Nov 3, 2017
  • Author: Tianyu Zou, Hao Yu, Chunxiu Jiang, Xianlong Wang, Shanshan Jiang, Qihong Rui, Yingjie Mei, Jinyuan Zhou, Zhibo Wen
  • Journal: NMR in Biomedicine

The purpose of this work was to investigate the diagnostic performance of amide proton transfer‐weighted (APTW) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the preoperative grading of gliomas. Fifty‐one patients with suspected gliomas were recruited and underwent a preoperative MRI examination that included APTW and IVIM sequences. All cases were confirmed by postsurgical histopathology. APTW signal intensity, true diffusion coefficient (D), perfusion fraction (f) and pseudo‐diffusion coefficient (D*) were applied to assess the solid tumor component and contralateral normal‐appearing white matter. The relative APTW signal intensity (rAPTW) was also used. Independent‐sample and paired‐sample t‐tests were used to compare differences in MRI parameters between low‐grade glioma (LGG) and high‐grade glioma (HGG) groups. The diagnostic performance was assessed with the receiver operating characteristic curve. Twenty‐six patients were pathologically diagnosed with LGG and 25 were diagnosed with HGG. APTW, rAPTW and f values were significantly higher (all p < 0.001), whereas D values were significantly lower (p < 0.001) in the HGG group than in the LGG group. There was no significant difference between D* values for the two groups. rAPTW had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.957, with a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 84.6%, followed by APTW, f, D and D*. The combined use of APTW and IVIM showed the best diagnostic performance, with an AUC of 0.986. In conclusion, APTW and IVIM, as two promising supplementary sequences for routine MRI, could be valuable in differentiating LGGs from HGGs.

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