Dispersive micro‐solid‐phase extraction combined with online preconcentration by capillary electrophoresis for the determination of glycopyrrolate stereoisomers in rat plasma

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Dec 1, 2017
  • Author: Yongjing Liu, Lishuang Yu, Hua Zhang, Dawei Chen
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science

Abstract

A simple and sensitive analytical method for four isomers of glycopyrrolate in rat plasma was developed using cation‐selective exhaustive injection‐sweeping cyclodextrin‐modified electrokinetic chromatography (CSEI‐Sweeping‐CDEKC) for online enrichment combined with dispersive micro‐solid‐phase extraction pretreatment. The CSEI‐Sweeping‐CDEKC was conducted on an uncoated fused silica capillary (40.2 cm × 75 μm) with an applied voltage of –20 kV. The electrophoretic analysis was carried out in 30 mM phosphate solution at pH 2.0 containing 20 mg/mL sulfated‐β‐cyclodextrin and 5% acetonitrile. Under these optimized conditions, the detection limit for racemic glycopyrrolate was found to be 2.0 ng/mL and this method could increase 495‐fold detection sensitivity compared with the traditional injection method. Additionally, the parameters that affected the extraction efficiency of dispersive micro‐solid‐phase extraction were also examined systematically. The glycopyrrolate isomers in rat plasma samples as low as 0.0625 μg/mL were able to be separated and detected by capillary electrophoresis with the aid of CSEI‐sweeping. The findings of this study show that the dispersive micro‐solid‐phase extraction pretreatment coupled with CSEI‐Sweeping‐CDEKC is a rapid and convenient method for analyzing glycopyrrolate isomers in rat plasma.

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