Preparation and evaluation of diblock copolymer‐grafted silica by sequential surface initiated‐atom transfer radical polymerization for reverse‐phase/ion‐exchange mixed‐mode chromatography

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Nov 9, 2017
  • Author: Chun Miao Bo, Chaozhan Wang, Yin Mao Wei
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science

Abstract

A novel approach that involved the grafting of diblock copolymer with two types of monomer onto substrate by sequential surface initiated‐atom transfer radical polymerization was proposed to prepare a mixed‐mode chromatographic stationary phase. The distinguishing feature of this method is that it can be applied in the preparation of various mixed‐mode stationary phases. In this study, a new reverse‐phase/ion‐exchange stationary phase was prepared by grafting hydrophobic styrene and cationic sodium 4‐styrenesulfonate by the proposed approach onto silica surface. The chromatographic properties of the prepared stationary phase were evaluated by the separation of benzene derivatives, anilines, and β‐agonists, and by the effect of pH values and acetonitrile content on the retention. Compared with typical RP columns, the prepared stationary phase achieved the better resolution and higher selectivity at a shorter separation time and lower organic content. Moreover, the application of the prepared column was proved by separating widely distributed polar and charged compounds simultaneously.

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