Separation and determination of peptide metabolite of Bacillus licheniformis in a microbial fuel cell by high‐speed capillary micellar electrokinetic chromatography

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 27, 2017
  • Author: Wei Wang, Ruiguang Bai, Xiaoyu Cai, Ping Lin, Lihong Ma
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science

Abstract

A method using high‐speed capillary micellar electrokinetic chromatography and a microbial fuel cell was applied to determine the metabolite of the peptides released by Bacillus licheniformis. Two peptides, l‐carnosine and l‐alanyl‐l‐glutamine were used as the substrate to feed Bacillus licheniformis in a microbial fuel cell. The metabolism process of the bacterium was monitored by analyzing the voltage outputs of the microbial fuel cell. A home‐made spontaneous injection device was applied to perform high‐speed capillary micellar electrokinetic chromatography. Under the optimized conditions, tryptophan, glycine, valine, tyrosine and the two peptides could be rapidly separated within 2.5 min with micellar electrokinetic chromatography mode. Then the method was applied to analyze the solutions sampled from the microbial fuel cell. After 92 h running, valine, as the metabolite, was successfully detected with concentration 3.90 × 10−5 M. The results demonstrated that Bacillus licheniformis could convert l‐carnosine and l‐alanyl‐l‐glutamine into valine. The method employed in this work was proved to have great potential in analysis of metabolites, such as amino acids, for microorganisms.

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