Determination of betaine, l ‐carnitine, and choline in human urine using a self‐packed column and column‐switching ion chromatography with nonsuppressed conductivity detection

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 21, 2017
  • Author: Dan Wei, Junwei Liu, Ming Guo, Yan Zhu
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science

Abstract

A simple method for the determination of betaine, l‐carnitine, and choline in human urine was developed based on column‐switching ion chromatography coupled with nonsuppressed conductivity detection by using a self‐packed column. A pretreatment column (50 mm × 4.6 mm, id) packed with poly(glycidyl methacrylate‐divinylbenzene) microspheres was used for the extraction and cleanup of analytes. Chromatographic separation was achieved within 10 min on a cationic exchange column (150 mm × 4.6 mm, id) using maleic anhydride modified poly(glycidyl methacrylate‐divinylbenzene) as the particles for packing. The detection was performed by ion chromatography with nonsuppressed conductivity detection. Parameters including column‐switching time, eluent type, flow rates of eluent, and interfering effects were optimized. Linearity (r2 ≥ 0.99) was obtained for the concentration range of 0.50–100, 0.75–100, and 0.25–100 μg/mL for betaine, l‐carnitine, and choline, respectively. Detection limits were 0.12, 0.20, and 0.05 μg/mL for betaine, l‐carnitine, and choline, respectively. The intra‐ and interday accuracy and precision for all quality controls were within ±10.11%. Satisfactory recovery was observed between 92.5 and 105.0%. The validated method was successfully applied for the determination of betaine, l‐carnitine, and choline in urine samples from healthy people.

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