Orthogonal strategy development using reversed macroporous resin coupled with hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography for the separation of ginsenosides from ginseng root extract

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 22, 2017
  • Author: Yajun Wu, Jingjing Liu, Su Gu, Li Lin, Yingzhuang Chen, Ming Ma, Bo Chen
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science

Abstract

Ginsenosides have been widely conceded as having various biological activities and are considered to be the active ingredient of ginseng. Nowadays, preparative high‐performance liquid chromatography is considered to be a highly efficient method for ginseng saponins purification and preparation. However, in the process of practical application, due to the complex and varied composition of natural products and relatively simple pretreatment process, it is likely to block the chromatographic column and affect the separation efficiency and its service life. In this work, an orthogonal strategy was developed; in the first‐dimension separation, reverse‐phase macroporous resin was applied to remove impurities in ginseng crude extracts and classified ginseng extracts into protopanaxatriol and protopanaxadiol fractions. In the second‐dimension separation, the obtained fractions were further separated by a preparative hydrophilic column, and finally yielded 11 pure compounds. Eight of them identified as ginsenoside Rh1, Rg2, Rd, Rc, Rb2, Rb1, Rg1, and Re by standards comparison and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The purity of these ginsenosides was assessed by high‐performance liquid chromatography with UV detection.

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