Magnetic dispersive solid‐phase extraction based on modified magnetic nanoparticles for the detection of cocaine and cocaine metabolites in human urine by high‐performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 22, 2017
  • Author: Feiyu Yang, Yun Zou, Chunfang Ni, Rong Wang, Min Wu, Chen Liang, Jiabin Zhang, Xiaoliang Yuan, Wenbin Liu
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science


An easy‐to‐handle magnetic dispersive solid‐phase extraction procedure was developed for preconcentration and extraction of cocaine and cocaine metabolites in human urine. Divinyl benzene and vinyl pyrrolidone functionalized silanized Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized and used as adsorbents in this procedure. Scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and infrared spectroscopy were employed to characterize the modified adsorbents. A high‐performance liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry method for determination of cocaine and its metabolites in human urine sample has been developed with pretreatment of the samples by magnetic dispersive solid‐phase extraction. The obtained results demonstrated the higher extraction capacity of the prepared nanoparticles with recoveries between 75.1 to 105.7% and correlation coefficients higher than 0.9971. The limits of detection for the cocaine and cocaine metabolites were 0.09–1.10 ng/mL. The proposed magnetic dispersive solid‐phase extraction method provided a rapid, environmentally friendly and magnetic stuff recyclable approach and it was confirmed that the prepared adsorbents material was a kind of highly effective extraction materials for the trace cocaine and cocaine metabolites analyses in human urine.

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