A flow‐through column electrolytic cell for supercritical fluid chromatography *

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Sep 12, 2017
  • Author: Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Tatsuya Ueki, Naoyuki Higuchi, Kouji Takahashi, Akira Kotani, Hideki Hakamata
  • Journal: Journal of Separation Science

Abstract

A novel flow‐through column electrolytic cell was proposed as a detector to obtain current signals for supercritical fluid chromatography. The electrochemical cell consisted of two electrodes and its holder, and a working and a counter electrode were fabricated from 192 carbon strings, which were composed of 400 carbon fibers of 10 μm in diameter filled into a heat‐shrinkable tube. These electrodes were placed in the center of a holder made from polyether ether ketone blocks and they were separated by polytetrafluoroethylene membrane filters. To evaluate the sensitivity of this cell, a standard solution of ferrocene was injected into the supercritical fluid chromatography system connected to the electrolytic cell. The ferrocene was eluted through a silica gel column using a mixture of a mobile phase of supercritical CO2 and a modifier of methanol containing ammonium acetate. The current peak area of ferrocene correlated to the ferrocene concentration in the range of 10–400 μmol/L (= 0.999). Moreover, the limit of detection on the column estimated from a signal‐to‐noise ratio of 3 was 9.8  × 10−13 mol.

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