Enhancement of R aman scattering signal using photonic nanojet of portable and reusable single microstructures

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Feb 15, 2018
  • Author: Akash Arya, Ranjit Laha, Gour Mohan Das, Venkata Ramanaiah Dantham
  • Journal: Journal of Raman Spectroscopy


We report the enhancement of Raman scattering signal for the first time using photonic nanojet of a lollipop‐shaped microstructure (LMS) fabricated with the help of a nanosecond CO2 laser. The LMS consists of a dielectric microsphere attached to a long stem/tapered fiber. The enhancement was achieved by focusing the incident laser light on sample surface through the microsphere of LMS. The experimentally observed enhancement was found to be comparable with that obtained from commercial microspheres that are not attached to any stems. The value of enhancement was found to increase with the microsphere diameter. The dielectric stems/tapered fibers alone of the LMS are found not efficient for enhancing the Raman scattering signals. In contrast to the commercial microspheres, the fabricated LMSs are easy to handle, portable, and reusable. Also, unlike commercial microspheres, these LMSs allow the enhancement of Raman scattering without modifying the surface of substrates containing sample. Hence, these LMSs are extremely useful in the case of photonic nanojet‐mediated surface‐enhanced Raman scattering and fluorescence techniques for enhancing the Raman scattering and fluorescence signals of single/few molecules, respectively.

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