Visualizing the interaction of Acanthamoeba castellanii with human retinal epithelial cells by spontaneous Raman and CARS imaging

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Nov 23, 2017
  • Author: Abida Naemat, Faris Sinjab, Alison McDonald, Andy Downes, Alistair Elfick, Hany M. Elsheikha, Ioan Notingher
  • Journal: Journal of Raman Spectroscopy

Abstract

Improved understanding of the mechanism of nutrient's uptake can enable targeted manipulation of nutrient sensing pathways in medically important pathogens to a greater degree than is currently possible. In this context, we present the use of spontaneous Raman microspectroscopy and coherent anti‐Stokes Raman spectroscopy to visualize the time‐dependent molecular interactions between the protozoan Acanthamoeba castellanii and host human cells. Human retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE‐19) cells were pre‐labelled with deuterated Phe (L‐Phe[D8]) and the uptake of the host derived L‐Phe(D8) by A. castellanii trophozoites was measured by Raman microspectroscopy for up to 48 hr post infection (hpi). This approach revealed a time‐dependent uptake pattern of this essential amino acid by A. castellanii trophozoites during the first 24 hpi with complete enrichment with L‐Phe(D8) detected in trophozoites at 48 hpi. In contrast, cell free A. castellanii trophozoites showed a modest uptake of only 16–18% L‐Phe(D8) from L‐Phe(D8)–supplemented culture medium after 3, 24, and 48 hr hpi. Coherent anti‐Stokes Raman spectroscopy microscopy was successfully used to monitor the reprogramming of lipids within the trophozoites as they engaged with host cells. The methodology presented here provides new advances in the ability to analyze the kinetic of amino acid acquisition by A. castellanii from host cell and extracellular environment, and to visualize lipid reprogramming within the trophozoite.

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