Recent advances in capillary electrophoresis separation of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Oct 9, 2017
  • Author: Veronica Mantovani, Fabio Galeotti, Francesca Maccari, Nicola Volpi
  • Journal: ELECTROPHORESIS

Abstract

This article illustrates the basis and applications of methodologies for the analysis of simple and complex carbohydrates by means of CE. After a description of the most common and novel approaches useful for the analysis and characterization of carbohydrates, this review covers the recent advances in CE separation of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Various CE techniques are also illustrated for the study of carbohydrates derived from complex glyco‐derivatives such as glycoproteins and glycolipids, essential for biopharmaceutical and glycoproteomics applications as well as for biomarker detection. Most glycans have no significant UV absorption, and derivatization with fluorophore groups prior to separation usually results in higher sensitivity and an improved electrophoretic profile. We also discuss the recent applications and separations by CE of derivatized simple and more complex carbohydrates with different chromophoric active tags. Overall, this review aims to give an overview of the most recent state‐of‐the‐art techniques used in carbohydrate analysis by CE.

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