Determination of tetracyclines in human urine samples by capillary electrophoresis in combination with field amplified sample injection

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Nov 29, 2017
  • Author: David Moreno‐González, Markéta Krulišová, Laura Gámiz‐Gracia, Ana M. García‐Campaña


A sensitive method using CZE‐UV detection has been developed for the determination of five tetracycline antibiotics in human urine samples. To improve the sensitivity of the method, an on‐line preconcentration strategy, named field‐amplified sample injection, has been developed, based on the electrokinetic injection of the sample, which requires only a 1:100 dilution with sample solvent before injection. Under optimum conditions, sensitivity enhancement factors ranged from 450 to 800 for the studied compounds. The applicability of the proposed method was demonstrated by the determination of these antibiotics in spiked urine samples. The limits of quantification were lower than 0.8 mg/L and the precision (intra‐ and inter‐day), expressed as %RSD was below 14%. Recoveries ranged from 92.1 to 96.7%. Thus, the proposed procedure is a simple, fast and efficient strategy which could be used as therapeutic drug monitoring in human urine samples.

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