Fast separation of enantiomers by capillary electrophoresis using a combination of two capillaries with different internal diameters

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  • Published: Sep 14, 2017
  • Author: Andrea Šebestová, Jan Petr


The combination of capillaries with different internal diameters was used to accelerate the separation of enantiomers in capillary electrophoresis. Separation of R,S‐1,1′‐binaphthalene‐2,2′‐diyl hydrogen phosphate using isopropyl derivative of cyclofructan 6 was studied as a model system. The best separation conditions included 500 mM sodium borate pH 9.5 with 60 mM concentration of the chiral selector. Separation lasted approx. 1.5 min using the combination of 50 and 100 μm id capillaries of 9.7 cm and 22.9 cm, respectively. It allowed approx. 12‐fold acceleration in comparison to the traditional long‐end separation mainly due to the higher electroosmotic flow generated in the connected capillaries.

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