In vivo microdialysis with ultra performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry for analysis of tetramethylpyrazine and its interaction with borneol in rat brain and blood

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Mar 2, 2018
  • Author: Weiguo Liao, Xiaojie Huang, Yongxin Yin, Bin Liu, Runzhi Zhu
  • Journal: Biomedical Chromatography


Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) has been widely used in the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. However, the mechanism of TMP and how to increase its bioavailability need to be further explored. In our study, an in vivo microdialysis sampling technique coupled with ultra‐performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry method was developed to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of TMP and its interaction with different doses of borneol (BO) in rats. Linearity of TMP in brain and blood dialysates exhibited good linear relationships over the concentration range of 0.991–555.14 ng/mL. The specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision, matrix effect and stability were within acceptable ranges. The results demonstrated that BO had a marked impact on the pharmacokinetic properties of TMP. After co‐administration, the areas under the concentration–time curve (AUC) of TMP in brain and blood were significantly increased. Meanwhile, the peak concentration of TMP in brain was also enhanced. The AUCBrain/AUCBlood of TMP, increased from 44% to 56 and 60.8% after co‐administration with BO (15 and 30 mg/kg). The pharmacodynamic results showed that TMP co‐administration with BO enhanced the cerebral blood flow during the period of ischemia and reduced the infarct volume. Overall, it might be an effective way to treat stroke to use TMP co‐administered with BO.

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