Overcoming interference of plasma phospholipids using HybridSPE for the determination of trimetazidine by UPLC–MS/MS

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EarlyView Article

  • Published: Oct 2, 2017
  • Author: Pravin G. Vanol, Manish Yadav, Mallika Sanyal, Priyanka A. Shah, Pranav S. Shrivastav
  • Journal: Biomedical Chromatography


An improved, precise and reliable ultra‐performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method has been developed for the quantification of trimetazidine, using trimetazidine‐d8 as the internal standard (IS). Interference owing to plasma phospholipids during sample preparation was overcome using a hybrid solid‐phase extraction–phospholipid ultra cartridge. The mean extraction recovery of trimetazidine (98.66%) and trimetazidine‐d8 (97.63%) from spiked plasma was consistent and reproducible. Chromatographic analysis was performed on a UPLC Ethylene Bridged Hybrid (BEH) C18 (50 × 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm) column with isocratic elution using acetonitrile–5 mm ammonium formate, pH 3.5 (40:60, v/v) as the mobile phase. The parent → product ion transitions for trimetazidine (m/z 267.1 → 181.1) and trimetazidine‐d8 (m/z 275.2 → 181.1) were monitored on a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with electrospray ionization functioning in the positive multiple reaction monitoring mode. The linearity of the method was established in the concentration range of 0.05–100 ng/mL for trimetazidine. The intra‐batch and inter‐batch accuracy and precision (CV) were 97.3–103.1 and 1.7–5.3%, respectively. Qualitative and quantitative assessment of matrix effect showed no interference of endogenous/exogenous components. The developed method was used to measure plasma trimetazidine concentration for a bioequivalence study with 12 healthy subjects.

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